Kujang, Bogor Cultural Heritage

While Java was famous for their ‘Keris’ and Aceh was known with it’s ‘Rencong’, Bogor was famous for their ‘Kujang’. This local wisdom inherited from the Sundanese Kingdom must continue to be preserved and passed to the younger generation.

‘Kujang’ began to be created in the 8th or 9th century. Some people even estimate that ‘Kujang’ already existed since the ancient Sundanese era, within 125-1125B.C. When Pajajaran collapsed in the 16th century, the ‘Kujang’ craftsmen also stopped making this weapon.

However, ‘Kujang’ is still preserved as a typical Bogor weapon, even displayed as the Tugu ‘Kujang’ monument. According to historical records in ‘Pantun Bogor’, there are 6 types of ‘Kujang’:

  1. ‘Kujang Ciung’ which it’s tip resembling the head of a Bold-striped Tit-Babbler or parrot. It is a symbol of the ‘king’ breed and the ‘Pandita’ breed with the number of blades as much as 3, 5, 7 and 9. Bold-striped Tit-Babbler is an intelligent bird that can imitate sounds. Like priests, kings and regents, they must be eloquent and intelligent.
  2. ‘Kujang Egret’ or was well known as white fowl. The tip of the ‘Kujang’ resembles the shape of the beak and head of an Egret. This ‘Kujang’ only have 4 blades. The governor and mantra were symbolized by the Egret because the Egret has a long journey and is good at finding prey, or tends to be hard workers.
  3. ‘Kujang Jago’ was named after the head of a rooster due to it’s tip. This ‘Kujang’ is a symbol and grip of warlords and troop commanders who are good at fighting.
  4. ‘Kujang Naga’ was named after a dragon due to it’s tip. This ‘Kujang’ acts as the guidance of the king’s confidants and village heads.
  5. ‘Kujang Badak’ was taken from the one-horned Javan rhinoceros as a symbol of soldier or warrior.
  6. ‘Kujang Bangkong’ , known as a teacher symbol in Sundanese, means someone who is an expert. ‘Bangkong’ never looks for food, like an expert who doesn’t need to look for food, food will come by itself through people who need their services or are willing to learn.

Besides the six ‘Kujang’, there is another called ‘Kujang Wayang’, it’s meaning has not been found in the historical records, but many are found in museums and collectors. Experts believe ‘Kujang Wayang’ was originated from Cirebon because Sunan Kalijaga used to spread Islam through the puppet media. Although it was not the typical of Sunda, through discussion and seminars held by the West Java government in 2013, the ‘Kujang Wayang’ was included in the types of ‘Kujang’.

‘Kujang’ which was initially unpopular because it was made of simple materials, iron, has now been made with carving techniques. For 9 years working in making ‘Kujang’, Guru Teupa Wahyu Afandi Suradinata created 9 kinds of prestigious ‘Kujang’, from the shape of clouds to plants. In this modern era, it turns out that ‘Kujang’ still has its own charm. Although now drastically reduced, the demand for ‘Kujang’ as pin accessories still exists. Special orders coming from individuals who want to make a ‘Kujang’ as an ‘ageman’ or guidance also come along. ‘Kujang’ should continue to be preserved as the local wisdom of this City of Rain.